PARTRIDGE (Heb. חָגְלָה, ḥoglah), bird. Two species of the partridge are found in Israel, the see-see partridge (Ammoperdix heyi) and the chukar partridge (Alectoris graeca). The latter is called ḥajel in Arabic, which is the ḥoglah mentioned as the name of one of Zelophehad's daughters (Num. 26:33) and as the place-name Beth-Hoglah (Josh. 15:6). These two species of partridge, which are kosher birds, are extensively hunted because of their delicious meat. They belong to the family of pheasants, like the pheasant and the quail , which are both included in the Talmud among four species of game birds, the best of which is stated to be the שִׁכְלִי (shikhli), apparently the chukar partridge, and the least tasty the quail (Yoma 75b). The two species of partridge mentioned above are distinguished by the intensive cries of the male during the breeding season, so that the biblical name קוֹרֵא (kore, "calling") is appropriate for both of them, although it is applied nowadays only to the see-see partridge. This bird is found in large flocks in the Judean Desert and the Negev. In the breeding season the partridges separate into pairs, and the female lays between five and 14 eggs in a nest. Sometimes two females lay eggs in the same nest, in which case one gains the upper hand and drives the other away; however her small body is unable to keep such a large number of eggs warm, so that eventually the embryos die. It was to this that the proverb referred when speaking of one who robs another of his possessions without ultimately deriving any benefit: "As the partridge that broodeth over young which she hath not brought forth, so is he that getteth riches, and not by right; in the midst of his days he shall leave them" (Jer. 17:11). A similar phenomenon occurs sometimes in the chukar partridge's nest. These two species of partridge feed on seeds and on insects which they hunt, a circumstance referred to in David's question when he asked Saul why he washunting him "as the partridge hunts" (the flea; I Sam. 26:20). In the Mishnah (Ḥul. 12:2) the kore is mentioned as a kosher bird, the male of which also sits on the eggs, as is indeed done by the partridge. Some (Rashi and others) identified the kore with the cuckoo, but this identification is incorrect and was rejected already by the tosafot (to Ḥul. 63a S.V. neẓ). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Feliks, Animal World of the Bible (1962), 56f. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Feliks, Ha-Ẓome'aḥ, 276. (Jehuda Feliks)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Partridge — Par tridge (p[aum]r tr[i^]j), n. [OE. partriche, pertriche, OF. pertris, perdriz, F. perdrix, L. perdix, icis, fr. Gr. pe rdix.] (Zo[ o]l.) 1. Any one of numerous species of small gallinaceous birds of the genus {Perdix} and several related… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • Partridge — Partridge, KS U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 259 Housing Units (2000): 106 Land area (2000): 0.465275 sq. miles (1.205057 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.465275 sq. miles (1.205057 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Partridge, KS — U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 259 Housing Units (2000): 106 Land area (2000): 0.465275 sq. miles (1.205057 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.465275 sq. miles (1.205057 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • partridge — [pär′trij] n. pl. partridges or partridge [ME partriche < OFr perdriz, earlier perdiz < L perdix < Gr, prob. akin to perdesthai, to break wind (< IE base * perd > FART): from whirring sound made by wings on rising to fly] 1. any of …   English World dictionary

  • partridge — (n.) late 12c., from O.Fr. pertis, alteration of perdis (perhaps influenced by fem. suffix tris), from L. perdicem (nom. perdix), from Gk. perdix, the Greek partridge, probably related to perdesthai to break wind, in reference to the whirring… …   Etymology dictionary

  • partridge — ► NOUN (pl. same or partridges) ▪ a short tailed game bird with mainly brown plumage. ORIGIN Old French perdriz, from Latin perdix …   English terms dictionary

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  • Partridge — Taxobox name = Partridges image width = 250px image caption = Chukar Partridge regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Galliformes familia = Phasianidae subdivision ranks = Genera subdivision = * Perdix * Alectoris * Lerwa *… …   Wikipedia

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